Thomas PARNHAM

  • Birth                                   c1896, Colston Bassett to Henry and Mary
  • 1911 Occupation               Crane Fitter’s Labourer
  • Domicile                             115 Station Road, Carlton, Nottingham
  • Age in 1911                        31
  • Unit                                    10th (Service) Battalion Sherwood Foresters (Notts & Derby Regiment).
  • Service Number               15816 Enlisted in Nottingham
  • Rank                                   Pte
  • Date of Death                    6th August, 1916, Killed in Action
  • Age at Death                     20
  • Battle SitRep                     Somme; Battle of Poziers Rid
  • Commemorated                Grave XXII.Q.10. Deville Wood Longueval, Somme, France

Thomas Parnham’s parents (Henry Parnham & Mary Roper) marriage was registered in quarter one 1879 in the Registration District of Bingham.

Thomas Parnham’s birth was registered in quarter three 1879 in the Registration District of Bingham. He was born in Colston Bassett, Nottinghamshire.

In 1881, Thomas Parnham aged 1 was living in Colston Bassett, Nottinghamshire with his parents. They were, Henry Parnham aged 30 employed as a gardener born in Colston Bassett and Mary aged 27, born Barnston, Nottinghamshire.

In 1891, Thomas aged 11 and a scholar was living in the Village, Colston Bassett with his family. Living with him was his father Henry Parnham aged 40 a Labourer born Colston Bassett, mother Mary aged 37 born Barnston, Nottinghamshire, brother Robert aged 6 scholar, sisters Eleanor aged 8 scholar and a niece Jessie E Parnham aged 1 year old.

In 1901, Thomas aged 21 and single was employed as a Railway Labourer, born in Colston Bassett was living as a boarder in Urban Road, Carlton, Nottingham.

Thomas was marriage to Eliza Burton in quarter one 1902 in the Registration District of Basford.
Before 1911, they would have five children.

In 1911, Thomas aged 31 was living in 115 Station Road, Carlton, Nottingham and working as a Crane Fitter’s Labourer. Also, living with him was his wife, Eliza aged 36, sons Cyril Henry aged 6, George Alwyne aged 3, daughters Eleanor Mary aged 8, Dorthy Eileen aged 1 and Gladys May aged 3 months old.
Thomas & Eliza had been married for 9 years and had 5 children. all of which were still living. They had one further child Mary E Parnham registered quarter four 1913 Registration District Basford.

Between 1914 and 1915, Thomas joined the 10th battalion Sherwood Foresters.

10th battalion Sherwood Foresters ( Notts & Derby Regiment
The 10th Battalion, Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment) was raised at Derby in September 1914 as part of Kitchener’s Second New Army and joined the 51st Brigade in 17th (Northern) Division, XV Corps, 4th Army.
After initial training close to home, they moved to Wool then to West Lulworth in October and back to to Wool in December. In June 1915 they moved to Winchester for final training. The division had been selected for Home Defence duties, but this was reversed and they proceeded to France, landed at Boulogne on the 14th of July 1915, the division concentrated near St Omer. They moved into the Southern Ypres salient for trench familiarisation and then took over the front lines in that area. In the spring of 1916 they were in action at the Bluff, south east of Ypres on the Comines canal then moved south to The Somme seeing action during The Battle of Albert in which the Division captured Fricourt and The Battle of Delville Wood.

The 51st Brigade returned to the front line on the 1st August, with elements of the 10th Sherwood Foresters moving to Pommiers Redoubt and trench. Shelling in the evening slightly wounded 4 men. On the 3rd the Battalion was ordered to relieve the 22nd Royal Fusiliers in Mine Trench, which was followed by a relief of the 9th Duke of Wellingtons Regiment at Longueval on the 5th .

Thomas Parnham was killed in action on the 6th August 1916.
He is buried in Grave XXII.Q.10. Deville Wood Longueval, Somme, France.
Deville Wood Longueval, Somme, France.
Deville Wood Cemetery, Longueval, Somme, France.

Delville Wood was a tract of woodland, nearly 1 kilometre square, the western edge of which touched the village of Longueval in the Somme. On the 14th July 1916 the greater part of Longueval village was taken by the 9th (Scottish) Division and on the 15th, the South African Brigade of that Division captured most of Delville Wood. The wood now formed a salient in the line, with Waterlot Farm and Mons Wood on the south flank still in German hands, and, owing to the height of the trees, no close artillery support was possible for defence.

The three South African battalions fought continuously for six days and suffered heavy casualties. On the 18th July, they were forced back and on the evening of the 20th the survivors, a mere handful of men, were relieved. On the 27th July, the 2nd Division retook the wood and held it until the 4th August when the 17th Division took it over. On the 18th and 25th August it was finally cleared of all German resistance by the 14th (Light) Division. The wood was then held until the end of April 1918 when it was lost during the German advance, but was retaken by the 38th (Welsh) Division on the following 28th August.

DELVILLE WOOD CEMETERY was made after the Armistice, when graves were brought in from a few small cemeteries and isolated sites, and from the battlefields. Almost all of the burials date from July, August and September 1916.
There are now 5,523 burials and commemorations of the First World War in this cemetery.
Thomas Parnham Medal Rolls
His Army effects were authorised on the 29th December 1916 to be passed on to his widow Eliza Parnham.

Register of Solder’s Effects